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Posts Tagged ‘Violence’

Are Drugs Bad For You?

July 25, 2010 Leave a comment

Drugs have been part of our culture since the middle of the last century. Popularized in the 1960s by music and mass media, they invade all aspects of society.

An estimated 208 million people internationally consume illegal drugs. In the United States, results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health showed that 19.9 million Americans (or 8% of the population aged 12 or older) used illegal drugs in the month prior to the survey.

You probably know someone who has been affected by drugs, directly or indirectly.

The most commonly used—and abused—drug in the US is alcohol. Alcohol-related motor accidents are the second leading cause of teen death in the United States.

The most commonly used illegal drug is marijuana. According to the United Nations 2008 World Drug Report, about 3.9% of the world’s population between the ages of 15 and 64 abuse marijuana.

Young people today are exposed earlier than ever to drugs. Based on a survey by the Centers for Disease Control in 2007, 45% of high school students nationwide drank alcohol and 19.7% smoked pot during a one-month period.

In Europe, recent studies among 15- and 16-year-olds suggest that use of marijuana varies from under 10% to over 40%, with the highest rates reported by teens in the Czech Republic (44%), followed by Ireland (39%), the UK (38%) and France (38%). In Spain and the United Kingdom, cocaine use among 15- to 16-year-olds is 4% to 6%. Cocaine use among young people has risen in Denmark, Italy, Spain, UK, Norway and France.

Click here to learn more and find out for yourself.

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psychiatry Causes Senseless Violence

November 8, 2007 8 comments

Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR) International has a data base of hundreds of cases of violence that span the last 15 years. The following are but a few examples:

(1) On March 6, 1985, Atlanta postal worker Steven W. Brownlee, pulled a pistol from his pocket and shot and killed a supervisor and a clerk. Another clerk was wounded. Brownlee had received treatment and psychotropic drugs at the Grady Memorial Psychiatric Unit.34

(2) On November 20, 1986, 14-year-old Rod Mathews beat a classmate to death with a bat in the woods near his home in Canton, Massachusetts. He had been prescribed Ritalin since the third grade.35

(3) William Cruse was charged with killing six people in a shooting rampage on April 23, 1987, in Palm Bay, Florida. Cruse had been seeing a Kentucky psychiatrist and stated he had been taking psychiatric drugs for several years.36

(4) Bartley Dobben killed his two young children on November 26, 1987, by casting them in a 1,300 degree foundry ladle. He had been placed on a regimen of psychiatric drugs in 1985.37

(5) On May 20, 1988, Laurie Dann walked into a Winnetka, Illinois second grade classroom carrying three pistols and began shooting innocent little children, killing one and wounding five others before killing herself. Subsequent blood tests revealed that both Lithium and the antidepressant Anafranil were in her bloodstream at the time the murder was committed.38

(6) On September 26, 1988, 19-year-old James Wilson took a .22 caliber revolver into an elementary school in Greenwood, South Carolina, and started shooting schoolchildren, killing two 8-year-old girls and wounding seven other children and two teachers. Wilson had been in and out of the hands of psychiatrists for years and within eight months of the killings he had been on several psychiatric drugs which can generate violent behavior. Since the age of 14 he had been given psychiatric drugs, including Xanax, Valium, Thorazine and Haldol.39

(7) On January 17, 1989, Patrick Purdy opened fire on a school yard full of young children in Stockton, California. During his vicious and unprovoked assault, Purdy killed five schoolchildren and wounded thirty others before killing himself. During the two years prior to the murders of the Stockton children, Purdy had been on two strong psychiatric drugs of categories known to cause violence.40

(8) On April 28, 1992, Kenneth Seguin drugged his two children, aged 7 and 5, took them to a pond, slashed their wrists and dumped their bodies in the water. He then drove home and killed his wife with an ax while she slept. He was on Prozac at the time.41

(9) In November 1992, Lynwood Drake III, in San Luis Obisbo and Morro Bay, California, shot and killed six people with a hand gun before he killed himself. Metabolized Prozac and Valium were both found in his system.42

(10) In December 1993, Steven Leith of Chelsea, Michigan, walked back into a school meeting and fatally shot the school superintendent and wounded two others including a fellow teacher. He was on Prozac at the time of the shootings.43

(11) Sixteen-year-old Brian Pruitt, who fatally stabbed his grandparents in 1995, had a history of psychiatric treatment and had been prescribed psychiatric drugs.44

(12) On November 3, 1995, Sergeant Steven B. Christian, a twenty-five-year commended veteran of the Dallas police force drove to a police sub-station and seriously wounded an officer outside in his attempt to get inside and shoot others. Christian was shot and killed by two fellow Dallas police officers. The autopsy revealed high levels of an antidepressant in his blood.45

(13) In Connecticut on March 6, 1998, Mathew Beck, a lottery accountant, reported promptly to his job, hung up his coat and methodically gunned down four of his bosses, one of whom he chased through a parking lot before he turned the gun on himself. Beck had been seeing a psychiatrist and taking three types of medication.46

(14) On May 28, 1998, Brynn Hartman murdered her husband, comic Phil Hartman, then committed suicide. She had been prescribed and had been taking the antidepressant drug Zoloft, which the coroner found in her system along with alcohol and cocaine.47

(15) On February 19, 1996, 10-year-old Timmy Becton grabbed his 3-year-old niece as a shield and aimed a shotgun at a Sheriff’s deputy who had accompanied a truant officer to his Florida home. Becton had been taken to a psychiatrist in January and had been put on a psychiatric drug.48

(16) While on vacation, on May 25, 1997, in Las Vegas, 18-year-old Jeremy Strohmeyer raped and murdered a 7-year-old girl in the ladies rest room in a casino. He had been diagnosed with ADD and prescribed Dexedrine. He had begun taking the drug a week before the killing.49

(17) On September 27, 1997, 16-year-old Sam Manzie raped and strangled another boy to death. At the time of the killing the younger boy had been selling candy door to door for the local PTA. Manzie was under psychiatric care and was being medicated.50

(18) On May 21, 1998, 14-year-old Kip Kinkel shot and killed his parents and then went on a wild shooting spree at his Springfield, Oregon, high school that left two dead and twenty-two injured. He was reportedly taking Prozac and Ritalin and had been attending anger management classes.51

(19) On April 20, 1999, Eric Harris, one of two Colorado high school seniors who went on a deadly rampage, entered his school shooting students and faculty and setting off explosives. Twelve students and one teacher were killed, along with the two gunmen who ended the rampage by killing themselves, while twenty-three others were wounded. A toxicology report revealed Luvox, an antidepressant, in Harris’ system.52

(20) On May 4, 1999, Steven Allen Abrams rammed his car into a preschool playground in Costa Mesa, California, killing two and injuring five. He had been placed on probation in 1994 which required him to see a psychiatrist and take Lithium.53

CONCLUSION

Horror stories all. On the surface, the idea of tranquilizers or antidepressants creating hostility and violence may not make sense. After all, they are supposed to make people calm and quiet. But the reality is that they can and do create such adverse effects. The scientific evidence, only a part of which is presented above, is overwhelming.

Psychiatric drugs and treatments do create violence and the sooner we recognize this and do something about it, the sooner these kinds of killings will stop.

These are facts that psychiatrists and the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) refuse to confront. Psychiatrists for obvious reasonsthey could and should be held liable for crimes committed by their toxically drugged patientsand NAMI because, according to the New York Post, it is awash in money from drug companies–$3.2 million per year from nine such companies–that manufacture these often mind-crippling drugs.54

The above is a small sample of hundreds of cases of murders, suicides, and senseless violence documented in the files of the Citizens Commission on Human Rights. Psychiatric drugs create violence. Not everyone who takes a psychiatric drug commits acts of violence, but clearly some do. The research is unequivocal. How many more Littleton, Colorados, will there be before something is done?

CCHR urges that government officials and/or law enforcement bodies, armed with the information contained in this report:

1) Hold legislative hearings to fully investigate the correlation between psychiatric drugs and violence (and suicide);

2) Call for mandatory toxicology reports that specify a testing for psychiatric drugs in anyone who has committed a homicide or serious violent crime;

3) Ensure that where psychiatric mind-altering drugs are implicated in such a crime, the psychiatrist prescribing the drugs be held accountable.

1. Robert Whitaker, Lure of riches fuels testing, The Boston Globe, 17 Nov. 1998.2. Lawrence H. Diller, M.D., Running on Ritalin, the Book, Internet website, http://www.docdiller.com/html/running.htm (accessed 7 May 1999); DEA Report Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Internet website, http://www.usdoj.gov/dea/pubs/abuse/chap4/stimula/methylph.htmhttp://165.112.78.61/DrugsofAbuse.html (accessed 7 May 1999). (accessed 7 May 1999); NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse), Commonly Abused Drugs, Internet website, 3. Public Schools: Pushing Drugs? Gov’t Money May Have Sparked Surge in Ritalin Use, Investor’s Business Daily, 16 Oct. 1997.

4. Physician’s Desk Reference, PDR 52 Edition 1998, p. 1897.

5. Katy Muldoon, Shooting Spurs Debate on Prozac’s Use by Kids, The Oregonian, 1 Jun. 1998

6. Summary of FDA’s Adverse Drug Reaction Reports for Prozac, 1988-1992, obtained through Freedom of Information Act by CCHR.

7. Anti-Depressants (SSRI’s), The International Coalition for Drug Awareness, Internet website, http://www.drugawareness.org/ssri.html; Letters: The Mood Molecule, Time, 20 Oct. 1997.

8. Littleton Gunman Tests Positive for Manic-Inducing Drug, ABC’s Colorado Affiliate KNBC News 4 reports, 4 May 1999, Goddard’s Journal: http://www.erols.com/igoddard/journal.htm, May 1999.

9. Internet website, http://www.breggin.com/luvox.html (accessed 1 May 1999); Precautions, Physician’s Desk Reference, 1998, p. 2892.

10. Gregg Birnbaum, Science or Abuse? State Testing Prozac on 6-Year-Olds, New York Post, 31 Jan. 1999.

11. Robert A. King, M.D., et al., Emergence of Self-Destructive Phenomena in Children and Adolescents during Fluoxetine Treatment, Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 30:2, Mar. 1991.

12. Lecomte D, Fornes P Suicide among youth and young adults, 15 through 24 years of age. A report of 392 cases from Paris, 1989-1996, Journal of Forensic Science, 1998 September: 43(5):964-8; Internet website, http://www.nebi.nlm.nih.gov (accessed 1 May 1999).

13. Frygt for misbrugs-epidemi, Politiken, 13 Jun. 1995, reported in CCHR Denmark’s White paper to the Council of Europe and the Danish Government and Parliamentary Committees, entitled Denmark’s Law on Deprivation of Liberty and Other Coercive Measures in PsychiatryCausing Violence, 16 Oct. 1996.

14. D.G. Workman, M.D. and D.G. Cunningham, Effects of Psychotropic Drugs on Aggression in a Prison Setting, Canadian Family Physician, Nov., 1975, pp. 63-66.

15. Daniel S. Chaffin, Phenothiazine-Induced Acute Psychotic Reaction: The ‘Psychotoxicity’ of a Drug, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 121, No. 1, Jul. 1964, pp. 26-32.

16. Richard I. Shader and Alberto DiMascio, Psychotropic Drug Side Effects, (Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1970), p. 134.

17. Jerrold F. Rosenbaum, et al., Emergence of Hostility During Alprazolam [Xanax] Treatment, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 141, No. 6, Jun. 1984, pp. 792-93.

18. David L. Gardner and Rex W. Cowdry, Alprazolam-Induced Dyscontrol in Borderline Personality Disorder, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 142, No. 1, Jan. 1985.

19. Theodore Van Putten, The Many Faces of Akathisia, Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 16, No. 1, Jan./Feb. 1975, pp. 43-47.

20. Ibid.

21. Prozac, Townsend Letter for Doctors, Feb./Mar. 1993, p.179.

22. Paul H. Soloff, et al., Paradoxical Effects of Amitriptyline on Borderline Patients, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 143, No. 12, Dec. 1986, pp. 1603-05.

23. Javad H. Kashani, M.D., et al., Hypomanic reaction to amitriptyline in a depressed child, Psychosomatics, Vol. 21, No. 10, Oct. 1980, pp. 867, 872.

24. Jerome L. Schulte, Homicide and Suicide Associated with Akathisia and Haloperidol [Haldol], American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1985, pp. 3-7.

25. Martin H. Teicher, et al., Emergence of Intense Suicidal Preoccupation During Fluoxetine Treatment, The American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 147, No. 2, Feb. 1990.

26. Prakash Masand, et al., Suicidal Ideation Related To Fluoxetine Treatment, The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 324, No. 6, 7 Feb. 1991.

27. David Grounds, et al., Antidepressants and Side Effects, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 29, No. 1 Apr. 1995, pp. 156-57.

28. John N. Herrera and others, High Potency Neuroleptics and Violence in Schizophrenics, The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 176, No. 9, Sept. 1988, pp. 558-61.

29. Walter A. Keckich, Violence as a Manifestation of Akathisia, The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 240, No. 20, Nov. 1978, p. 2185.

30. Kvart Mill danskere er pillenarkomaner, Ekstra Bladet, 13 Feb. 1995.

31. Acute Drug Withdrawal, PreMeC Medicines Information Bulletin, August 1996, Internet website, http://www.premec.org.nz/bulletins/53.htm (accessed 18 Mar. 1999).

32. Statement on file at CCHR International.

33. Chris Willman, Long Distance Winner, Entertainment Weekly, 1 May 1998.

34. Duane Riner, Postal Worker Who Killed 2 in ’85 to Go Free, The Atlanta Journal, 8 Aug. 1989.

35. Katy Corneel, Parents find clue to why their son killed, The Patriot Ledger, 19 Sept. 1987; 15-year-old sentenced to life for killing classmate for kicks, Times Picayune, 11 Mar. 1988.

36. Lynne Bumpus-Hooper, Cruse says he was insane during Palm Bay killings, Orlando (Florida) Sentinel, 7 Jul. 1987.

37. Jack F. Love, How can state compel mentally ill to seek and maintain treatment?, Ann Arbor News, 16 Oct. 1989; Psychiatrist says foundry-murder suspect suffered from delusions, strange behavior, 1989 news article.

38. Did Prescription Drugs Help Trigger Winnetka Shootings?, The Doctor’s People Medical Newsletter for Consumers, Vol. 1, No. 1; Experimental drug was used by child’s killer, Los Angeles Times, 3 Jun. 1988; Suit against Laurie Dann’s parents to proceed, UPI Executive News Service, 8 Feb. 1990.

39. Gunman Kills Girl, Wounds 10 at School, Los Angeles Times, 27 Sept. 1988; School shooting probe continues, The Newton Kansan, 27 Sept. 1988; Psychiatric Drugs Create Killer, Freedom, Nov./Dec. 1988.

40. David Harpster and Kathleen Salamon, Schoolyard Massacre, 5 Kids Die In Shooting, Gunman Injures 30 Others, Then Kills Himself, The Sacramento Union, 18 Jan. 1989; Chronological Life History of Patrick Edward Purdy, prepared by Special Agents Allen Benitez and Phil Lee, Bureau of Investigation, California, Dept. of Justice, 1989, p. 17.

41. Bryan Sierra, Defense says computer exec ‘psychotic’ when he killed family, UP News Wire, 8 Jan. 1993.

42. CVT Central Valley Toxicology, Toxicology Report on drugs found in Lynwood Drake’s system dated 13 Nov. 1992; Dave Wilcox, Drake said to be suicidal, on drugs, The County Telegram-Tribune, 13 Nov. 1992.

43. Jeffri Chadiha, Suspect was found with gun loaded, Ann Arbor News, 19 Dec. 1993.

44. Ken Holloway, Pruitt found guilty of murder, Commercial News, Danvill, IL, 15 Jun. 1996

45. Todd Bensman and Jason Sickles, Police sergeant is killed after shooting officer, The Dallas Morning News, 5 Nov. 1995.

46. Jonathan Rabinovitz, Father of Lottery Killer Agonizes Over Son’s ‘Monstrous’ Act, The New York Times, 9 Mar. 1998.

47. In The Valley, TV Guide, No. 37; Andrew Blankstein and Solomon Moore, Hartman’s Wife Had Alcohol, Cocaine in Her System, Coroner Finds, Los Angeles Times, 9 Jun. 1998.

48. Lisa Holewa, Associated Press Wire, 8 Mar. 1996.

49. Nora Zamichow, The Fractured Life of Jeremy, Los Angeles Times Special Reports, http://www.latimes.com/, 19 Jul. 1998.

50. Manzie to plead insane in killing of Jackson Township 11-year-old, The Boston Globe, Associated Press, 27 Apr. 1998.

51. Maureen Sielaff, Prozac implicated in Oregon shooting, Vigo Examiner, Maureen@Vigo-Examiner.com; transcript of 20/20 national TV show reporting on the Kip Kinkel Oregon Shooting, 22 May 1998.

52. Patrick O’Driscoll, Colo. prosecutors retract that an arrest is imminent, USA Today, 30 Apr. 1999; Robert Lusetich, School killer was on drugs, The Australian, 30 Apr. 1999.

53. Peter Larsen and Tony Saavedra, Investigation: The man wanted to exact revenge for his spurned advances toward a married neighbor, officials say, The Orange County Register, 5 May 1999.

54. Gregg Birnbaum, Patients group getting $3M a year from firms, New York Post, 28 Feb. 1999.

Learn More www.cchr.org

Psychoactive Drugs Cause School Violence

November 8, 2007 2 comments

We are devastated by senseless acts of violence; we are even more shocked when children and teens commit these acts. We ask, How could this happen?

Governments and communities have come to realize that they have underestimated the dangers of psychoactive drugs and psychological programs in schools.

  • Eight out of 13 U.S. school shootings were committed by teens taking prescribed psychotropic drugs known to cause violent and suicidal behavior.
  • At least five teens responsible for school massacres had undergone school-sanctioned anger management or other psychological behavior modification programs such as death education.
  • For decades, schools around the world have used death education, a psychological experiment in which the children are made to discuss suicide, what they would like placed in their coffins, and write their own epitaphs in an effort to get kids more comfortable with death. Anger management aims at curbing aggressive or violent behavior but virtually no reliable data exists to prove it can eliminate the problem. In one class, a boy beat up a classmate so badly that six days later the boy was still in the hospital.
  • Eric Harris

  • Critics cite 18-year-old Eric Harris (right) and 17-year-old Dylan Klebold as prime examples of the failure of anger management, death education and psychiatric drugs. As students at Columbine High School, Colorado, they were asked to imagine their own death. Harris subsequently had a dream where he and Klebold went on a shooting rampage in a shopping center. In addition to attending these classes, Harris was taking an antidepressant drug known to cause mania (violent behavior). He even wrote about his killing spree dream and handed it in to the psychology teacher. Not long after, Harris and Klebold acted out the dream by shooting and killing 12 students and a teacher, and wounding 23 others.
  • Kip Kinkel On May 21, 1998, in Oregon, USA, 14-year-old Kip Kinkel shot and killed his parents and then went on a wild shooting spree at his high school, which left two dead and 22 injured. He was taking a psychiatric stimulant and had undergone a psychological anger management program.

The information on these pages makes it obvious that if education authorities sanction the combination of a psychological value systempsychologists argue that it is value-neutralwith violence-inducing, psychiatric drugs, we have a powder keg waiting for a spark.

Learn more www.cchr.org 

They said drugs would make you cool… video

October 27, 2007 Leave a comment

 

They said drugs would make you cool…

You have to watch this video.

Joints

They said drugs would
make you cool…

Kids, on Drugs

October 27, 2007 2 comments

The Truth About Drugs

A public service short film from Kids on Stage for a Better World.

Written and Directed by Laurie Bartilson.

Why is Cocaine so Addictive?

October 26, 2007 2 comments

Of all drugs, cocaine creates the greatest psychological dependence. It stimulates key pleasure centers within the brain and causes extremely heightened euphoria. However, an individual quickly develops a tolerance to the drug, requiring higher dosages and more frequent use in order to get the same effect. Cocaine cravings can be so strong that just the memory of the euphoria associated with use of the drug can trigger the desire to use it again, even after long periods of abstinence.

Deadly combinations of drugs.

Cocaine is sometimes taken with other drugs, including tranquilizers, amphetamines, marijuana and heroin. Such combinations greatly magnify the danger of using cocaine. In addition to the likelihood of developing a two-drug habit, one can easily create a mixture of narcotics that proves fatal.

Hashish: A dangerous road toward cocaine addiction

A hashish or marijuana user is ten times more likely to become a cocaine or heroin addict than a cigarette smoker is to develop lung cancer.

“I had no more future. I did not see how I could escape my cocaine dependence. I was lost. I was ‘exploding’ and unable to stop myself from continuing to seriously abuse cocaine. I had hallucinations that animals were crawling under my skin. I felt them each time that I shot up and scraped myself with the point of my syringe until I started bleeding in order to make them leave. I was once bleeding so heavily from this I ended up in the hospital.”

Cocaine causes heart, kidney, brain and lung damage. What are the sort-term effects of cocaine? All drugs are poisons. The amount you take determines how a drug will effect you. A small amount can make you feel euphoric, energetic, talkative and mentally alert. Larger doses put you to sleep. An even larger dose can kill you. This is true of cocaine or any drug.

Initially, a cocaine high may last from 15 to 30 minutes, but as one’s tolerance to the drug increases, the high may last only 5 to 10 minutes, requiring increasingly larger and larger amounts of the drug to get the same effect.

Quantities of several hundred milligrams or more intensify the user’s high, but lead to bizarre, erratic and violent behavior. A person on the drug can experience tremors, dizziness, muscle twitches and paranoia. The drug can react on the heart, resulting in heart attack, seizures and failure in breathing.

What are the long-term effects of cocaine?

The phrase “dope fiend” was originally coined many years ago to describe the negative side-effects of constant cocaine use. As tolerance to the drug increases, it becomes necessary to take greater and greater quantities to get the same effects. Prolonged daily use causes sleep deprivation and loss of appetite. A person can become psychotic and begin to experience hallucinations.

Coming down from the drug causes severe depression, a state that becomes deeper and deeper with each repeated use of the drug. In this condition, a person will do almost anything to get it, including commit murder. And if one cannot get cocaine, the depression can deepen to such a degree that he or she becomes suicidal.

“Don’t touch cocaine. I spent two years in jail because I took this drug. And when I got out, life was so hard I started taking the drug again. I know ten girls who became prostitutes because of coke. It’s much more extreme and degrading than we believe. At the time we take it, we don’t realize to what degree it is destroying us.”

The effects of cocaine and crack

Physiological Effects

  • increased heart rate and breathing
  • increased blood pressure
  • heart palpitations
  • weight loss, loss of appetite
  • uncontrollable tremors
  • insomnia
  • rapid breathing
  • muscle twitches
  • fever
  • pale, sickly complexion
  • impotence
  • dilated pupils
  • cold sweats
  • fatigue
  • constipation
  • headaches
  • blurred vision
  • seizures
  • nasal congestion

Changes in Personality/Behavior

  • lying
  • stealing
  • loss of ambition
  • short temper
  • irresponsibility
  • inability to hold a job
  • depression
  • feeling confused
  • prone to accidents
  • hallucinations
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • fits of panic
  • poor concentration
  • loss of interest in sex
  • dulled emotions
  • suicidal tendencies

Read The Truth About Cocaine Booklet

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A Deadly White Powder

October 26, 2007 Leave a comment

Cocaine is one of the oldest and most dangerous drugs known to man. It is highly addictive and once a person begins taking it, it is almost impossible to free oneself from its grip. Today, cocaine is a world-wide, multi-billion dollar enterprise. Once considered a “rich man’s drug,” a young person today can buy a few grams of cocaine for little more than the cost of a movie ticket.

“You believe that coke will increase your perceptions, that it will allow you to surpass yourself, that you will be able to control things. It’s bloody nonsense. Soon you won’t pay your bills, you won’t bathe anymore, you give up your friends, your family. You will become defenseless and alone.”

But cocaine is very addictive. It can cause death from respiratory failure, stroke, cerebral hemorrhage or heart attack. Babies born to cocaine-addicted mothers are born addicts themselves. And many suffer birth defects, irreversible genetic damage and many other problems.

Cocaine use continues to flourish, even though the drug is so dangerous. Perhaps this is due to the large amount of false information about the drug that results in increasing numbers of people becoming trapped in the grip of addiction, unable to escape.

Learn more